In a major technological advancement, China has developed the capability to mass produce the ultra-strong T1000 carbon fiber a crucial material for missiles, space stations, and wind turbines. This significant breakthrough could shake up international monopolies supplying the aerospace and defense sectors.
The landmark development comes in the face of long-standing export bans from the US and Japan, which had previously hindered Beijing from producing high-performance materials.
Changsheng Technology Co Ltd, situated in Hebei province, collaborated with Shenzhen University to pioneer the mass production of this high-performance carbon fiber. Their state-of-the-art production line can produce 1,874 tons of T1000 carbon fiber annually.
Regarded as a strategic and vital material, carbon fiber boasts unparalleled mechanical robustness and chemical stability. Industries ranging from aerospace, defense, and transport to new energy and marine engineering lean heavily on it.
Notably, carbon fiber reinforced resin (CFRP) is a fundamental structural element in missiles, satellites, and space stations. The application of CFRP in warships ensures immense strength, the ability to absorb electromagnetic waves, and provides top-notch impact resistance coupled with reduced radar and magnetic field signatures.
Previously, China’s strides in carbon fiber production were restricted mainly due to the imposed bans. However, undeterred, the nation surged ahead, accounting for approximately one-third of the global carbon fiber production by 2022. Yet, the capability to mass produce the superior T1000 carbon fiber eluded them, with their production largely confined to T300 and T700 varieties.
A Changsheng Technology representative revealed to People’s Daily that before this monumental breakthrough, high-performance T1000 carbon fiber production was minimal in China.
Highlighting the strength and potential of T1000, Changsheng Technology’s chief scientist, Prof. Xu Jian—who also teaches at Shenzhen University illustrated, “A meter-long bundle of T1000 carbon fibre weighs a mere 0.018 ounces, yet it can withstand a force of approximately 1,102lbs.” Prof. Xu further emphasized its prowess: “A bundle as thick as a finger has the strength to pull two airplanes.”
This development paints a new trajectory for China in the global aerospace and defense sectors and could potentially recalibrate international dynamics and trade in the coming years.
As China surges ahead in its carbon fiber production, especially with the recent advancements in the large-scale production of T1000 carbon fiber, the demand continues to grow significantly. This increase aligns with the nation’s ambitions in the aerospace, defense, and energy sectors, which rely heavily on high-quality carbon fiber materials.
However, not everything is smooth sailing. Despite the evident growth in demand, experts from within the industry have raised alarms over several pressing concerns. At the top of this list is overcapacity—a situation where the production capacity exceeds the demand, leading to potential inefficiencies and waste.
Furthermore, the growing wave of anti-globalization sentiments poses another challenge. As nations become more inward-focused and protective of their industries, international trade and collaboration could be hampered. For an industry like carbon fibre production, which benefits from global trade and technological exchanges, this trend might present significant hurdles.
Barriers to technological research are also a concern. A manager from Zhongjian Technology highlighted this issue in a June report by Xinhua Finance. He remarked, “Due to the late start in China, there is a clear technical gap with developed countries, especially in the field of high-end products.” This suggests that while China has made considerable strides, there’s still a journey ahead in catching up with the technological prowess of more established players in the market.
However, on the brighter side, the ability to produce T1000 carbon fibre on a large scale provides a silver lining. It will empower Chinese companies to expand and diversify the industrial chain, enabling them to play a more dominant role in various stages of carbon fibre production and application.
Testifying to China’s growth in this sector, 2022 saw a notable achievement. Four Chinese carbon fibre companies managed to secure their spots among the world’s top 10 in production capacity. This clearly indicates China’s rapid ascent in the global carbon fibre industry landscape.
Validating the quality and consistency of production, People’s Daily reported a significant endorsement for Changsheng Technology. An expert committee from the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation thoroughly evaluated Changsheng Technology’s production line.
The results were overwhelmingly positive: over 95% of the carbon fibre produced by Changsheng Technology met the stringent quality standards. This underscores the company’s capabilities and holds promise for the future of China’s carbon fibre industry amidst the challenges it faces.