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Tuesday, December 5, 2023

The Government’s Initiative to Promote Equitable Employment: Encouraging University Graduates to Work in Rural Areas

ChinaThe Government's Initiative to Promote Equitable Employment: Encouraging University Graduates to Work in Rural Areas

National lawmakers and political advisers in China have recently suggested that university graduates consider finding employment at grassroots levels in the vast rural hinterlands of the country. The subject of employment was a highly discussed topic at this year’s two sessions, which are the annual meetings of the National People’s Congress and the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. It is expected that around 11.58 million fresh graduates will be entering the job market this year, making it a crucial issue for policymakers to address.

President Xi Jinping has shown his support for this initiative, as evidenced by a 2020 reply he made to 118 graduates from the China University of Petroleum-Beijing in Karamay, a city located in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. In the letter, he encouraged the graduates to take grassroots jobs in Xinjiang and work closely with different ethnic groups for the development of the western region. This highlights the government’s commitment to promoting the equitable distribution of employment opportunities across the country.

Finding employment in rural areas can be a challenging task for graduates, as many may prefer to work in urban centers where there are more opportunities and higher salaries. However, the government is trying to make the prospect of working in rural areas more appealing by offering incentives such as better living conditions, financial subsidies, and the chance to contribute to the development of rural communities. This is also in line with the government’s broader goal of alleviating poverty and promoting sustainable development in rural areas.

While it may take time to see the results of this initiative, it is a step in the right direction towards building a more inclusive and equitable society in China. By encouraging graduates to work in rural areas and promoting the development of these regions, the government is taking important strides towards achieving sustainable growth and creating a brighter future for all of its citizens.

The government’s initiative to encourage university graduates to find employment at grassroots levels in rural areas is a significant step in promoting equitable development across the country. While it may take time to see the impact of this initiative, it is an essential step towards building a more inclusive society and achieving sustainable growth in China. The government’s commitment to promoting employment opportunities in rural areas is a promising sign for the future of the country, and it is a positive development that should be encouraged and supported.

Xi Jinping, the President of China, delivered a speech to graduates where he urged them to set their sights high, remain grounded, confront difficulties and challenges with bravery, take on the responsibilities of the current era, align their aspirations with the Party and country’s goals, and make significant contributions to society. This speech highlights the expectations that the Chinese government has for its graduates and emphasizes their role in the country’s future.

However, the current job market presents a challenge to these new graduates. Ma Huaide, the President of the China University of Political Science and Law and a member of the National Committee of the CPPCC, explained that the unprecedented number of graduates means that finding employment opportunities where they are needed the most is becoming more difficult. As a result, universities are facing a heavier burden to ensure that their students can find suitable employment after graduation.

Ma also noted that employment is a pressing issue not only for graduates but also for their families and the future of the country. The government and the Party are aware of this issue and have introduced several policies to support employment. Universities have also made graduate employment their top priority, recognizing the importance of this issue for their students and the country as a whole.

The government’s commitment to addressing the employment challenges faced by new graduates reflects the importance of the role that they will play in the country’s future development. This commitment also shows that the government recognizes the value of education and aims to support graduates in achieving their goals.

Despite the current employment challenges, both the government and universities are working hard to support graduates and provide them with opportunities to contribute to society. This emphasis on education and employment reflects the government’s commitment to creating a bright future for its citizens.

Over the past decade, China has witnessed a surge in the number of graduates employed in various sectors such as government institutions, companies, law firms, and arbitration institutions. According to Ma, an increasing number of graduates have found work in western regions, border areas, and grassroots-level posts, totaling to around 3,300. This trend is indicative of a paradigm shift where the younger generation is willing to go where they are most needed and contribute to the country’s development. However, it is important to note that they should not merely settle for any job that comes their way but instead focus on finding roles that will benefit them in the long run.

Wang Hong, a National People’s Congress deputy, and professor at the China University of Mining and Technology, believe that with the expansion of higher education, university graduates are no longer rare as they were before. Therefore, they should have a clearer picture of the employment situation and not solely focus on finding jobs in big cities or high-paying jobs in specific industries. Instead, they should consider the long-term benefits of the job they accept, such as opportunities for growth and learning.

It is essential to understand that pursuing a degree is a means of broadening one’s horizons and learning and not an escape from one’s hometown. As per Wang Hong, returning to rural areas allows graduates to utilize their education to improve their hometowns. This approach is not only beneficial for the graduates but also for the rural communities, which can benefit from the knowledge and skills they possess.

Furthermore, the changing employment scenario in China also indicates the need for employers to offer more attractive opportunities to attract talented graduates to lesser-known areas. It is vital for the companies to provide employees with opportunities for growth and professional development, which will not only benefit the graduates but also enhance the region’s economic growth and development.

The trend of graduates finding employment in western regions, border areas, and grassroots-level posts is a positive development in China’s quest for inclusive development. It shows that the younger generation is aware of the challenges faced by underdeveloped regions and is willing to contribute to the nation’s progress. Additionally, it is a reminder that the pursuit of education should not be limited to academic achievement but should also include developing a sense of social responsibility towards the nation and its people.

China’s changing employment scenario highlights the need for graduates to focus on the long-term benefits of the jobs they accept and not fixate on finding jobs in big cities or high-paying industries. It also underscores the importance of utilizing education to contribute to the development of underdeveloped regions. Employers must provide attractive opportunities for growth and development in lesser-known areas to ensure equitable economic growth and development. The changing employment scenario, therefore, presents a promising opportunity for the younger generation to contribute to the nation’s inclusive growth and development.

According to Wang, there is no such thing as a good or bad profession. Instead, there are only suitable or unsuitable ones, and no matter what career path students choose, they have the potential to make a difference if they are willing to put in the effort. In essence, Wang is advocating for a growth mindset, which encourages students to view their abilities as something that can be developed over time rather than being fixed traits that they are born with. By adopting this mindset, students can feel more empowered to take risks, try new things, and pursue different paths, without feeling constrained by self-doubt or a fear of failure.

Furthermore, Wang is urging students not to limit themselves when it comes to their personal development. Instead, she is encouraging them to try out different paths and explore different options, even if they may not seem like an obvious fit at first glance. By doing so, students can broaden their horizons and discover hidden talents and interests that they may not have realized they possessed. This advice is particularly relevant in today’s fast-paced world, where new technologies and industries are emerging at an unprecedented rate, and the ability to adapt and learn quickly is becoming increasingly important.

Ni Minjing, a member of the CPPCC National Committee and head of the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum, has expressed confidence in the graduate employment outlook for this year. With the economy poised for a recovery, he believes that there will be an increase in demand for workers across a wide range of industries. As a result, he is encouraging graduates to be proactive in their job search and not to be too selective when it comes to job opportunities. According to Ni, there are currently more job vacancies than there are university graduates, which means that there are plenty of opportunities out there for those who are willing to look for them.

Ni believes that the starting point of one’s career should not be viewed as a determinant of their future success. Instead, he emphasizes the importance of hard work and real talent in paving the way for one’s professional development. In other words, while it may be important to secure a job initially, what really matters in the long run is one’s ability to learn, grow, and excel in their chosen field. With this in mind, Ni is encouraging graduates to focus on building their skills and improving their performance once they have secured a job, rather than resting on their laurels and becoming complacent.

In conclusion, the advice given by Wang and Ni highlights the importance of adopting a growth mindset, being open to new opportunities, and working hard to achieve success in one’s chosen field. By embracing these principles, students can feel more confident in their abilities, and more willing to take risks and pursue their passions. Additionally, by focusing on building their skills and continuously improving their performance, graduates can position themselves for long-term success, regardless of the specific career path they choose to pursue.

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