Xi Jinping, the President of China, has emphasized the importance of Eurasian nations strengthening their ties with China’s Belt and Road Initiative, as China aims to expand its influence in the traditionally Russia-influenced region. President Xi made these remarks during his address at the second Eurasian Economic Forum in Moscow, which he attended via video link. The forum was organized by the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), a bloc consisting of five members, including Russia and several post-Soviet states.
During his speech, President Xi highlighted that the Belt and Road Initiative’s ultimate goal is to foster common development among countries and create a path of happiness that benefits the entire world. He expressed his sincere hope for deepening the synergy between the Belt and Road Initiative and the Eurasian Economic Union. Furthermore, he called on all countries to work together with unity and dedication to explore new prospects for cooperation between Asia and Europe.
The Belt and Road Initiative, which celebrates its 10th anniversary this year, is China’s ambitious global infrastructure and economic development project. It aims to enhance connectivity and promote economic cooperation among countries along its routes. All five members of the Eurasian Economic Union have already signed agreements with China to participate in this initiative.
The theme of this year’s Eurasian Economic Forum was “Eurasian integration in a multipolar world.” President Xi addressed this theme by reiterating the importance of countries working together toward common prosperity and a shared future for humanity. He stated that the trend towards multipolarity and economic globalization is irresistible, and it is the consensus of the international community to uphold genuine multilateralism and promote coordinated development across regions.
President Xi’s call for closer ties with Eurasian nations through the Belt and Road Initiative comes at a time when Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin visited Beijing for scheduled trade talks and discussions with Chinese officials. The visit resulted in several new agreements between the two countries, particularly in the areas of trade and agriculture. These agreements signify the deepening economic relationship between Russia and China, despite the historical influence Russia has had in the region.
China’s expanding influence in Eurasia, which has traditionally been Russia’s sphere of influence, has been met with both opportunities and challenges. For China, strengthening ties with Eurasian nations can provide access to new markets, resources, and strategic partnerships. It also allows China to extend its geopolitical influence and build a network of economic and political relationships across the region. However, this expansion has raised concerns among some countries, particularly those who perceive China’s rise as a potential threat to their own interests.
China’s Belt and Road Initiative has faced criticism and scrutiny from some quarters. Critics argue that the initiative may lead to unsustainable debt burdens for participating countries, lack transparency and accountability, and potentially facilitate China’s geopolitical interests. China, on the other hand, has emphasized the initiative’s inclusive and cooperative nature, highlighting its potential to spur economic development, enhance regional connectivity, and promote people-to-people exchanges.
As China continues to pursue its Belt and Road Initiative and strengthen its ties with Eurasian nations, it remains to be seen how this expansion of influence will shape the geopolitical landscape in the region. The evolving dynamics between China, Russia, and other Eurasian countries will play a crucial role in determining the future direction of cooperation and competition in this strategically important region.
Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin expressed optimism regarding the bilateral trade between China and Russia, stating that he expected it to reach a substantial sum of US$200 billion in 2023. Mishustin’s comments came as he visited Beijing for trade talks and discussions with Chinese officials. He also highlighted the current state of China-Russia relations, describing them as being at an “unprecedented high” level. This positive assessment of bilateral ties is particularly significant as both countries face growing tensions with Western nations and Russia continues to grapple with sanctions due to its conflict with Ukraine.
Simultaneously, China has been making significant political and economic inroads in regions that have historically been within Russia’s sphere of influence. While Russia has long exerted its influence over these countries, China’s increasing presence is reshaping the geopolitical dynamics in the region. Through initiatives such as the Belt and Road Initiative, China is expanding its economic footprint and establishing closer ties with nations that were previously aligned with Russia.
This shift in influence has raised concerns and challenges for Russia. As China’s economic and political reach expands, it could potentially undermine Russia’s dominance and diminish its control over these territories. Moreover, the deepening connections between China and countries traditionally within Russia’s sphere of influence pose strategic implications for Russia’s geopolitical interests.
The growing presence of China in regions that were once considered Russia’s exclusive domain reflects the evolving global power dynamics. China’s economic prowess and its willingness to engage in infrastructure projects and investments have allowed it to gain influence and leverage in various countries. This has led to a diversification of partnerships and a reconfiguration of regional alliances, challenging Russia’s long-standing dominance.
While China’s expanding influence in Russia’s sphere of influence may create tensions between the two powers, it also presents opportunities for collaboration. Both China and Russia share common interests in countering Western influence and promoting multipolarity in global affairs. Thus, they may find areas of cooperation where their interests align and work together to enhance their respective positions.
China’s President Xi Jinping recently hosted the inaugural China-Central Asia Summit, where leaders from the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) member countries, including Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as other post-Soviet states such as Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, gathered to discuss regional cooperation. The two-day summit witnessed President Xi pledging significant financial support of 26 billion yuan (approximately US$3.7 billion) for the development of Central Asian nations.
During the summit, President Xi emphasized the importance of strengthening energy and security ties with the region. Central Asia holds immense strategic value due to its rich energy resources and its location connecting Europe and Asia. China’s engagement with Central Asian countries aligns with its broader objectives of expanding economic and political influence across the Eurasian region.
The financial support pledged by President Xi demonstrates China’s commitment to promoting economic development and infrastructure projects in Central Asia. The funds are expected to be utilized for various initiatives, including the implementation of projects under the Belt and Road Initiative. By providing financial assistance, China aims to enhance connectivity, trade, and investment between Central Asian nations and create opportunities for mutual development.
Furthermore, President Xi’s call for increased energy and security ties highlights China’s interest in deepening cooperation in these crucial areas. Energy cooperation is of particular significance given Central Asia’s vast reserves of oil, gas, and other natural resources. China seeks to secure a stable energy supply and strengthen its energy security by fostering partnerships with Central Asian countries. Simultaneously, China recognizes the importance of security cooperation to address common challenges such as terrorism, extremism, and cross-border organized crime.
In addition to hosting the China-Central Asia Summit, China is preparing to host the third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. This event serves as a platform for participating countries to discuss and promote collaboration on infrastructure development, trade, and people-to-people exchanges. The forum provides an opportunity for China to showcase its achievements under the Belt and Road Initiative and further strengthen ties with participating nations.
China’s growing engagement with Central Asia through initiatives like the China-Central Asia Summit and the Belt and Road Initiative underscores its commitment to expanding its influence and connectivity across the Eurasian region. Central Asian countries, on the other hand, view China as an important partner for economic development and investment. However, there are concerns among some observers about the potential implications of China’s involvement, including debt sustainability, environmental impacts, and the balance of power in the region.
As China prepares to host the third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, it is expected to reiterate its commitment to inclusive and sustainable development, addressing some of the concerns raised by critics. The forum will provide an opportunity for participating countries to discuss the future direction of the initiative, explore potential areas of collaboration, and address any challenges or issues that may have arisen.
IPresident Xi Jinping’s hosting of the China-Central Asia Summit and the pledge of financial support demonstrate China’s determination to strengthen ties with Central Asian countries. Through initiatives like the Belt and Road Initiative, China aims to enhance connectivity, promote economic development, and deepen cooperation in energy and security. The upcoming Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation will further facilitate discussions and partnerships, allowing participating nations to shape the future trajectory of the initiative. China’s expanding engagement in Central Asia is reshaping the region’s geopolitical landscape and has both opportunities and challenges for all parties involved.