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Demographic and Social Trends in Macao

ChinaDemographic and Social Trends in Macao

The total population of Macao, as reported by the special administrative region’s (SAR) statistic service, stood at 672,800 at the end of December 2022. This figure represents a year-on-year decline of 10,400 people.

Macao is a former Portuguese colony and a special administrative region of China, located on the southern coast of the country. The region’s economy is heavily reliant on tourism and gaming, with several large-scale casinos located there. Despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, Macao has managed to maintain its position as one of the world’s leading tourist destinations.

The decline in population reported by the SAR statistic service may be due to a number of factors. One possible explanation is that the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a reduction in the number of visitors to Macao, which in turn may have had an impact on the number of people choosing to live in the region. Another factor that may have contributed to the decline in population is the ageing of the local population, with many young people leaving the region to seek opportunities elsewhere.

Despite the decline in population, Macao remains an important economic and cultural hub in the Asia-Pacific region. The region has a rich history and a unique blend of Chinese and Portuguese cultures, which has contributed to its popularity as a tourist destination. With ongoing efforts to develop the region’s infrastructure and attract investment, Macao is poised to continue playing an important role in the global economy for years to come.

According to data released by the Statistics and Census Service (DSEC), females make up the majority of Macao’s population, accounting for 53.2 percent of the total. This information provides insight into the demographics of the region, and highlights the important role that women play in the social and economic fabric of Macao.

While the data does not provide specific information on the reasons behind the gender imbalance, it is indicative of broader trends in society. Women in Macao, as in other parts of the world, have made significant strides in recent years in terms of political representation, education, and workforce participation. However, challenges still remain, particularly in areas such as gender-based violence and pay inequality. The data serves as a reminder that gender equity and women’s empowerment remain important issues for policymakers and society as a whole.

According to a report by the Statistics and Census Service (DSEC), the number of live births in Macao in 2022 decreased by 682 compared to the previous year, with a total of 4,344 babies delivered. This decline in live births could be attributed to a number of factors, such as changes in family planning preferences, economic conditions, or the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The median age of mothers giving birth to their first child increased by 0.9 years compared to the previous year, reaching 31.0 years. This may reflect a trend towards delayed parenthood, as women pursue education or careers before starting a family. The increasing age of first-time mothers can have important implications for healthcare and social policies, as older mothers may face greater risks of complications during pregnancy and childbirth.

The report also noted a rise in mortality in Macao, with 3,004 deaths recorded in 2022, an increase of 684 compared to the previous year. The three leading causes of death were malignant neoplasms (cancer), hypertension, and pneumonia. These findings highlight the importance of continued investment in healthcare services and disease prevention initiatives, as well as research into the underlying causes of these health issues.

Overall, the data presented in the report provide important insights into demographic and health trends in Macao. While the decline in live births and the increase in mortality are concerning, they also underscore the need for evidence-based policies and interventions to support the health and well-being of Macao’s population.

In 2022, the number of new arrivals from the mainland who were issued one-way permits decreased by 324 compared to the previous year, bringing the total to 2,303. This decline in new arrivals can be attributed to various factors such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the implementation of stricter immigration policies. The decrease in one-way permits is significant, as it reflects a slowdown in the number of people migrating to the region and may impact the population growth in the long run.

According to a recent report, the number of non-resident workers in the region also experienced a decline in 2022. Specifically, there were 154,912 non-resident workers at the end of 2022, which is 16,186 fewer than the previous year. This decrease in the number of non-resident workers may be due to various factors, such as changes in labor policies or economic conditions. Nevertheless, this decrease in the number of non-resident workers may impact the local economy and workforce, especially in sectors such as construction and hospitality.

The same report also showed a decline in the number of marriage registrations in 2022. The total number of marriage registrations in the region was 2,727, which is 550 less than the previous year. This decline in marriage registrations may reflect changing social attitudes towards marriage or the impact of the pandemic on people’s personal lives. It could also have implications for the demographic trends in the region, as a decline in marriage registrations could lead to a lower birth rate and affect the future population growth.

Overall, the statistics presented in the report highlight some significant changes and trends in the region’s population, labor market, and social dynamics. These changes could have far-reaching implications for the region’s economy, demographics, and social structures. As such, policymakers and researchers will need to continue to monitor these trends and understand their underlying causes to make informed decisions and policies that promote the region’s development and well-being.

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