Beijing, China — In an event that marks a historical precedent, the Palace Museum threw open the doors to its very first woodblock print-themed cultural exhibition on Tuesday. This grand display, the first of its kind since the museum’s establishment, offers a rare glimpse into 15,000 pieces and sets of cultural relics, casting a spotlight on a tradition that spans centuries.
The exhibition, meticulously curated, provides a panoramic view of the museum’s extensive efforts in the research and classification of woodblock printing
relics. With 32 Qing Dynasty woodblocks as its centerpiece, the exhibition delves into their integral role in the realms of classical Chinese literature, printing techniques, and the daily life of the imperial court.
On October 30, 2023, the Palace Museum held a ceremony to celebrate the inauguration of the woodblock print hall, which garnered significant attention. Photographs captured during the ceremony show the museum officials and numerous guests in attendance, commemorating the momentous occasion.
Among the myriad of pieces, one item of exceptional historical value is a rare surviving woodblock from the first year of the Shunzhi era of the Qing Dynasty. Once instrumental in the printing of government documents, this woodblock is now displayed with corresponding archives and printed materials, offering a holistic narrative of its historical context and significance.
Further punctuating the exhibition’s significance is the display of exquisite woodblock prints from the 52nd year of the Kangxi era, dated to 1713. These prints stand as a testament to the sophistication and artistic elegance of landscape printing of the era. Additionally, the exhibition boasts the discovery and display of the largest and longest wooden block ever uncovered within the walls of the Forbidden City Museum.
The Palace Museum’s collection, comprising over 200,000 woodblock prints, represents an extensive timeline that stretches from the Ming Dynasty through to the late Qing Dynasty. These relics not only embody the large-scale printing activities that were prevalent but are also an invaluable repository for research into the evolution of Chinese classical literature and the historical development of printing.
With the exhibition’s public opening on October 31, the Palace Museum has not only enriched the cultural landscape but also affirmed its commitment to the preservation and interpretation of China’s illustrious heritage. As visitors walk through the hall, they embark on a journey through time, witnessing the meticulous craft that underpinned one of the most significant inventions in human history—the art of printing.
Through the curation of such an extensive assortment of prints, the exhibition lays bare the cultural and historical tapestry of a civilization that has long held a deep respect for knowledge and scholarly pursuits. The woodblock prints, with their intricate designs and profound content, serve as a bridge connecting modern society with the intellectual legacy of ancient China.
This landmark exhibition not only highlights the technical mastery and artistic beauty of woodblock prints but also underlines the role these artifacts played in disseminating knowledge and culture across generations. The pieces on display, each with its own story, collectively narrate the saga of a bygone era, where printers and scholars played pivotal roles in the cultural enrichment of society.
The rare woodblock from the Shunzhi era, for instance, opens a window to the administrative procedures of ancient Chinese governance. The supporting archives and printed materials that accompany it illustrate the precision and importance placed on official documentation at the time. This relic, alongside others, allows for a nuanced understanding of the societal structures that were in place during the Qing Dynasty.
The landscape prints from the Kangxi era are a further draw for visitors, providing an artistic snapshot of the natural beauty that was revered in ancient Chinese culture. The skill and care evident in these prints underscore the value that was placed on nature and its representation in art and literature.
The discovery of the largest and longest wooden block from the Forbidden City Museum’s cache adds another layer of intrigue to the exhibition. Its sheer size and the complexity of its engravings shed light on the advancements in printing technology and the scale of printing operations that were undertaken within the imperial court.
As a repository of such a vast number of woodblock prints, the Palace Museum stands as a guardian of a critical chapter in the history of printing. The current exhibition is more than a mere display; it is a celebration of the intellectual spirit, a showcase of human ingenuity, and an educational venture that provides profound insights into the printing heritage of China.
Experts and scholars from around the world have hailed the exhibition as a significant contribution to the understanding of cultural history. The artifacts provide substantial evidence of the scale and sophistication of printing activities, offering scholars a rich field of study into various aspects of ancient Chinese society—from bureaucracy and literature to art and education.